instruere...inlustrare...delectare Disputations

Thursday, March 08, 2007

Classifying the Appetites

In case you were wondering:

As St. Thomas used the term, an appetite is a "tendency, inclination, or direction." There are several different classes and sub-classes:

Natural AppetiteConscious Appetites
unconscious tendency (e.g. reaction to gravity)
Sensitive AppetitesRational Appetite
tendency toward something apprehended by the sensesa.k.a, the human will
Concupiscible AppetiteIrascible Appetite
toward things sensed as good, useful, or pleasurabletoward things sensed as difficult to obtain

While I'm at it, here are the concupiscible and irascible appetites St. Thomas identifies:

Concupiscible Irascible
lovehope
hatreddespair
desirecourage
aversionfear
joyanger
sadness


There's an awful lot that can be said about all this, as you can imagine. But I'm not going to.

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